Unlocking Startups

Time to open the gate, and let our innovative tech startups be free to grab this huge global opportunity.

Lots of good news and optimism in the last six months. Even some great talent focusing on this global opportunity around tech startups with global products.

But the reality is the local ecosystem is still moving slower than our global peers in capturing one of the largest prizes for our economy – Tech Startups – by facilitating their success.

Here are some big picture items for the new federal government and the next round of state support since tech startups were basically ignored in our largest state budget today despite the opportunity being at least an order of magnitude larger than the much touted surplus if we would simply focus on enabling global product by local tech startups.

So lets see how much we can do with less than 1% of the NSW Govt surplus as a guide.

Unlock Super

We have seen a handful of progressive retirement funds do deals with smart small scale venture fund managers in the tens and hundreds of millions. This is wonderful and already paying off. I saw one three person team recently, aiming for a huge market with a top notch team and concept immediately (in days) get $1.5m funding without an MVP.

But the unfortunate reality is that this is not the norm and not enough to convince parents and teens this is a safe area to direct their future careers despite an enormous global opportunity.

Super funds represent our biggest hammer in the national future toolbox with $2trillion and self managed (with a huge cash component) simply does not see or have easy pathways to invest. Meanwhile our regulators obsession with listening to the oldest most entrenched and loudest lobby groups in the room like legacy fund managers (incentivised to protect status quo), tech multinationals (competing for talent and competing for space not often paying tax) and VCs (who can be so much more than existing narrowly defined regulatory boundaries).

Start with the basics, track how much is going into tech startups who have global products on the internet/mobile (listed, unlisted, local, international, hybrids).

Goal: Aim for 2% by 2020 (that is $40b in today’s money) and an additional 2% every 2 years thereafter. Enough to make us a top 5 global superpower in tech startup investments and capture enough of the risk and reward to start to replace resources.

Unlock Peer Learning

Universities do a great job but have been biased by funding models that focus on theory over market value for decades. This is exacerbated when it comes to the largest global prize today around tech startups (worth at least $100b in AU or ten times the NSW govt budget surplus forecast in today’s budget  – note for Baird and Berejiklian who seem to get concrete and steel but not global software on the internet).

As a result, we are scrambling with little support to prevent continuing falls in STEM yet miss an even bigger pair of points.

Firstly, we need to grow STEM graduates not just restore them. This is in absolute volume but also quality and diversity. Have you seen how many times the technology industry has reinvented itself in the last three decades and this is accelerating. Since I graduated from computer science at UTS in 1988 and worked in 20 countries around the world I’d estimate having to largely retrain at least every 5 years.

Secondly, universities are inherently behind industry. New course curriculum consistently takes 2-3 years to develop and approve (often longer) and this duration and relevance to tech startups are not tracked by regulators as key metrics. What we don’t track we can’t improve.

No wonder startup communities rely almost solely on a (tiny) specialist commercial training industry and even more so on peer learning in expert communities (often 100% volunteer) to catch up and stay ahead.

Lifelong learning is the new norm, we must facilitate universities to be more porous with expert community engagement and grow 10-20 new expert communities in each major city as soon as possible. We are obsessing about fintech (and probably rightly so) but what about healthtech/medtech and internet of things? How about transport and agriculture? What about regionals connecting to city hubs?  What about horizontal expert communities that can join these all up and accelerate learning?

One more important point. Where can we do peer learning? Sydney is at record lows in terms of CBD space availability.

Federal and State bodies with under utilised property assets should be held accountable not for just the minor cost of an empty cubicle, but for unrealised upside in one of the biggest booms humanity has ever seen. Land administrators sitting on under-utilised resources are actively preventing us building the innovation foundations of expert communities of peers who level up and then excel through peer learning. Land banking and bureaucratic boundaries are not just inefficient, in this environment they are doing unconscionable national harm.

These new human expert community foundations like Fishburners, Stone & Chalk and The Start Society will stand longer than the concrete ones if we get them right.

Fixing international accounting standards is also required as they are preventing low-cost leases to NFPs, social enterprises and communities (which currently trigger lower capital revaluation of the whole building) would also help.

Without peer learning communities to nurture global tech startups now, we won’t have the top of the funnel full enough to support long term strategies like White Bay and ATP innovation clusters or even increased super and VC investment.

TAFEs have been untouched for decades, they can fill part of the gaps and introduce new career paths and practical tools to SMEs/SMBs. They are usually prime location properties with great internet and access to interns from TAFE and universities – so ideal places to co-locate tech startup communities.

Unlock Communities

Most of the major communities in Australia that are home to tech startups were created not by billions in today’s universities but by single citizens that ‘get it’ and back a space for specialists to get together. This is akin to how some of the great universities of old like Oxford and Cambridge were created. One or two founders gathered a following, delivered value in original thinking and became enduring institutions rolled together because they had inquiring minds as a common asset.

It is not a new model, we just need to apply it – much more. Give space and noodle money with as few constraints as possible to the existing players. The Federal Govt $8m was bungled but improved slightly with $15m. Is less than $1 per citizen an appropriate investment for the biggest technology wave in human history. No.

Unlock Global Differentiators.

Diversity, democracy, delight. We have unique assets and don’t shout it from the roof tops enough.

Lets start with delight. Australia is a lifestyle super power (with few guns). If you grabbed any one of the beaches on our coasts and put it in TW, HK or SG they would probably claim it was one of the best in the world. Because they are, we just don’t talk about it. Australia has hundreds of ’em. That is before you look at our skies – so blue they almost hurt your eyes. Oh and history that is unprecedented – from the mind numbing age of our land to culture of our first citizens and waves of others since. Try finding ANY of that at ANY similar scale in most major cities in Asia or anywhere else.

We joke about our democracy but we rarely come to blows, it is more than just good. And media makes transparency better than most despite our constant dis-satisfaction which is part of the purity of the journey – the value is in the debate itself. We know our democracy is one of the best in the world. With a legal system to boot. Try getting a court case heard in less than 5-7 years in many places not so far from here. Try having consistent precedents. Good luck with that outside Oz.

And lets talk Diversity. Immigration has not been exactly our best planned portfolio but we have had some amazing luck. We have a peaceful highly diverse population with incredible cultural representation and connectedness. I doubt any major city anywhere in our region is as diverse with culture and language and first degree connections as Sydney and of course the other majors are also substantial.

So stop accepting the criticism. Tell the world how great we are is Australia and encourage a mass intellectual innovation migration of scientists, rational creators, inquiring minds, engineers and more.

Boomerangs – returning Aussies are crucial of course but even more so the true intellectual elite who have never been or seen but will thrive here.

Unlock Founder Time

One of the most insidious taxes on our innovation is red tape. Remembering many of the great founders in the US wave of innovation were new citizens, imagine learning a new industry, new country, new culture and then the weird crap we throw at them with three levels of government, 50 logins, bizarre rules and thousands of pages of tax and compliance.

A SME/SMB/Startup Commissioner at each level of govt with national watertight responsibilities and co-ordination with REAL teeth that can challenge existing and new processes is vital.

I have sat on Consultation panels in recent years more than once where the majority of the people deciding new rules were not founders. Lobbyists, telcos, lawyers, public servants. All had a seat at the table and a complicated opinion protecting their interests but very few are actually helping the founders – without them we don’t get world class value creation or social impact.

How about ASIC and ATO pre-approved pro-forma docs rather than just expectations and rules. Save them time and help them comply without legal /accounting/adviser costs and time and risk.

Every hour spent on bureaucratic stuff (finding, understanding, funding, doing, managing, reviewing and then worrying about it afterwards) is time taken away from creating jobs ,wealth and social impact.

Over To You

Startups often get accused of screaming for more funding from government. Most of these don’t cost a cent. Existing resources or existing pools or talent and funding. The rest are cheap in the scheme of things.

So federal and state government, what is your excuse now you have a clear year or more to act? Grab this opportunity for today and tomorrow.

We need to compete globally – our kids deserve it – and we can do it. Tech startups with global product are one key plank in our post-resources future led by innovation.

Pete Cooper is Founder and CEO of The Start Society an advocacy group providing support, education, space and resources for Australian tech startups.



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